Bibliography of dził nchaa si’an (Mount Graham, Pinaleño Mountains)

by Joel T. Helfrich and John R. Welch

 This is a list of books, journal articles, and selected popular media materials relevant to
the natural and cultural history of
dził nchaa si’an, also known as the Pinaleño Mountains
and Mount Graham. The compilation process has not been systematic, so the list is
neither exhaustive nor consistent in formatting. It includes only a handful of the hundreds
of newspaper articles and letters attending the legal and political battles in the long and
disheartening struggle over the proper use and treatment of the place regarded by the
Western Apache as the sacred southern mountain. No systematic effort has been made to
include references to astronomy or optical science literatures.

Online Sources of Data and Prespective

Apache Survival Coalition, Apaches for Cultural Preservation, and Mount Graham
Coalition. “Record of Apache Opposition to the Desecration of Mt. Graham by
the University of Arizona and their Astronomer Collaborators.” 1989-2001.
www.pinaleno.org/sites/default/files/RecordofApacheOppositiontoMtGrahamobs
ervatory1989to2001_0.pdf.

Arizona Game and Fish Department. “Arizona’s Nongame Mammals.” Abstracts.
http://www.gf.state.az.us/w_c/nongameandendangeredwildlifeprogram/mammals.
shtml.

———. “Eumorsea Pinaleno: Pinaleno Monkey Grasshopper.”
http://www.gf.state.az.us/w_c/edits/hdms_abstracts_invertebrates.shtml.

———. “Microtus longicaudus leucophaeus: White bellied long-tailed vole.”
http://www.gf.state.az.us/w_c/nongameandendangeredwildlifeprogram/mammals.
shtml. Revised 2 May 2003.

———. “Oreohelix grahamensis: Pinaleno Mountainsnail.”
http://www.azgfd.gov/w_c/nongameandendangeredwildlifeprogram/invertebrates.
shtml.

———. “Sonorella grahamensis: Pinaleno Talussnail.”
http://www.azgfd.gov/w_c/nongameandendangeredwildlifeprogram/invertebrates.
shtml

———. “Sonorella imitator: Mimic Tallussnail.”
http://www.azgfd.gov/w_c/nongameandendangeredwildlifeprogram/invertebrates.
shtml.

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———. “Tamiasciurus hudsonicus grahamensis, Mount Graham red squirrel.”
http://www.gf.state.az.us/w_c/nongameandendangeredwildlifeprogram/mammals.
shtml. Revised 16 May 2003.

Arizona Radio Astronomy. Heinrich Hertz Submillimeter Telescope (SMT) website.
http://aro.as.arizona.edu/smt_docs/smt_telescope_specs.htm.

Campo, John J. and Alexiss A. Holden. “The Vatican Strikes Back.” A website prepared
for a Native American Studies course at University of California, Davis, titled
“Native American Community Development.” 3 June 1996.
http://cougar.ucdavis.edu/nas/varese/nas122/spring96/graham/vatican.html.
Accessed 13 November 2003.

———. “Dzil Nchaa Si An: The San Carlos Apache vs. The Vatican.” A website
prepared for a Native American Studies course at University of California, Davis,
titled “Native American Community Development.” 3 Jun 1996.
http://cougar.ucdavis.edu/nas/varese/nas122/spring96/graham/nas_mt.g.html.
Accessed 13 November 2003.

Mount Graham Biology Program. Department of Agriculture and Life Sciences.
University of Arizona. “Mount Graham Red Squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus
grahamensis).”
http://ag.arizona.edu/research/redsquirrel/main.html.

———. “Chronological Events of the Mt. Graham Red Squirrel.”
http://ag.arizona.edu/research/redsquirrel/history.html.

———. “Bibliography” of the Mt. Graham Red Squirrel.
http://ag.arizona.edu/research/redsquirrel/references.html.

———. “Insect Damage,” “Fires,” “Resource Availability,” and “Weather.”
http://ag.arizona.edu/research/redsquirrel.

———. “Wildfires Within Red Squirrel Habitat.”
http://ag.arizona.edu/research/redsquirrel.

Mount Graham Coalition. “Chronology of the University of Arizona, Vatican, German
and Italian Campaign Against Apache Religious Beliefs 1985-1998.”
http://www.mountgraham.org/whitepapers/chrono85-98.html (no longer available
online).

———. “The Many Unique Species on Mt. Graham’s Summit.”
http://www.mountgraham.org/WhitePapers/species.html.

———. “Mount Graham Red Squirrels.” http://pinaleno.org/mg-red-squirrels.

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———. “Permit to Pray?” News Release. 13 August 1998.
http://www.mountgraham.org/WhitePapers/PrayPermit.html.

———. “Setting the Record Straight: Rebuttal to the U of M’s Head of Astronomy.”
http://www.mountgraham.org/WhitePapers/MNrebuttal.html. June 2002.

———. “Setting the Record Straight: Reply to the erroneous and misleading statements
in the website of the U. of Virginia astronomy department ‘Fact Sheet’ regarding
the Mt. Graham telescope project.”
http://www.mountgraham.org/WhitePapers/VArebuttal.html. June 2002.

———. “Untruthful assertions by UA’s LBT website about the Apache people.”
www.mountgraham.org/az/lies.htm.

———. “Rebuttal to U of V[irginia] Lies About the Mt. Graham Red Squirrel.”
http://pinaleno.org/index.php?page=squirrel-lies.

Save the Peaks. www.savethepeaks.org.

Steward Observatory. University of Arizona. “Early History of Steward Observatory.”
http://www.as.arizona.edu/outreach/history_steward_observatory.html.

Steward Observatory Mirror Lab. University of Arizona. “Mirror Lab History (1980 to
2001).” http://mirrorlab.as.arizona.edu/MISC.php?navi=histo.

Stiles, Lori. “Brief Chronology of VATT [Vatican Advanced Technology Telescope]
development.”

http://vaticanobservatory.org/VATT/index.php?option=com_content&view=articl
e&id=64&Itemid=64
(removed from the University of Arizona’s website:
http://clavius.as.arizona.edu/vo/R1024/Chronology.html). Prepared by Lori Stiles,
Office of Public Information, University of Arizona.

University of Arizona. Large Binocular Telescope Observatory (LBT) website.
http://medusa.as.arizona.edu/lbto/.

University of Arizona. Mount Graham International Observatory. “Cultural Issues: The
San Carlos Apache Tribe and MGIO.” http://mgpc3.as.arizona.edu/Cultural.html,
accessed 14 May 2004. Now see:
http://medusa.as.arizona.edu/graham/cultur.html, accessed 18 April 2010.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. “Species Profile: Mount Graham Red Squirrel
(Tamiasciurus hudsonicus grahamensis).”
http://ecos.fws.gov/speciesProfile/profile/speciesProfile.action?spcode=A09O.

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U.S. Forest Service. “Tamiasciurus hudsonicus: REFERENCES.” (Bibliography” of the
Mount Graham red squirrel.)

http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/animals/mammal/tahu/references.html.

———. Coronado National Forest. “Heritage.”
http://www.fs.fed.us/r3/coronado/forest/heritage/heritage.shtml.

Vatican Observatory. Vatican Advanced Technology Telescope website.
http://vaticanobservatory.org. (http://clavius.as.arizona.edu/vo/R1024/VO.html
[no longer available online]).

Library and Manuscript Collections

Arizona State Museum, Tucson, Arizona
Grenville Goodwin Papers

Carl L. Koch Library, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York
Morris Edward Opler Papers

Forest History Society, Durham, North Carolina

U.S. Forest Service Headquarters History Collection (Mt. Graham/Coronado)

personal archives

Sal Salerno, Minneapolis, Minnesota
Robin Silver, Phoenix, Arizona
Peter Warshall, Tucson, Arizona
Robert Witzeman, Phoenix, Arizona

University of Arizona Library, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona
Morris K. Udall Papers

Dennis DeConcini Papers

Relevant Court Decisions

Seminole Nation v. U.S. 316 U.S. 286 (1942).

Lyng v. Northwest Indian Cemetery. 485 U.S. 439 (1988).

Havasupai Tribe v. United States. 752 F. Supp. 1471, 1493 [D. Ariz. 1990].

Mount Graham Squirrel, et al. v. Clayton Yeutter, 1990. U.S. Federal Court for the
District of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona. Case #CIV 89-410 TUC ACM. Later
changed to
Mount Graham Red Squirrel, et al. v. Edward R. Madigan, et al. and
the State Board of Regents, University of Arizona.

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Mount Graham Red Squirrel, et al. v. Edward R. Madigan, et al. and the State Board of
Regents, University of Arizona,
21 January 1992. 9th Circuit Court of Appeals,
San Francisco. Case #954 F.2d 1441 (9th Cir. 1992). Formerly
Mount Graham
Squirrel, et al. v. Clayton Yeutter.

Robin D. Silver v. Charles A. Bowsher. “Motion to Reconsider Transfer of Judicial
Assignment.” C.A. No. CIV 91 0367 PHX RCB. 19 Apr 1991.

Robin D. Silver v. Charles A. Bowsher. “Plaintiff’s Memorandum of Points and
Authorities in Opposition to Defendant’s Motion to Dismiss.” C.A. No. CIV 91
205 TUC ACM. 30 Aug 1991.

Apache Survival Coalition v. U.S. 21 F.3d 895 (9th Cir. 1994).

Apache Survival Coalition, et al. v. The United States of America, et al. U.S. District
Court for the District of Arizona, Phoenix, Arizona. Case #CIV 91-1350 PHX
WPC.

Mount Graham Coalition, et al. v. Jack Ward Thomas, et al., and the Arizona Board of
Regents.
9th Circuit Court of Appeals, San Francisco. Case #94-163324, 53 F.3d
970 (9th Cir. 1994) 11.

Apache Survival Coalition v. U.S. 118 F.3d 663 (9th Cir. 1997).

Morongo Band of Indians v. Federal Aviation Administration. 161 F.3d 569 (9th Cir.

1998).

Relevant Laws

American Indian Religious Freedom Act of 1978 (P.L. 95-431; 92 Stat. 469; 42 USC
1996)—AIRFA.

Antiquities Act of 1906 (34 Stat. 225, 16 U.S.C. 431 et seq.).

Arizona-Idaho Conservation Act of 1988. (P.L. 100-696, 102 Stat. 4571, 1597), 18
November 1988—AICA.

Endangered Species Act of 1973 (P.L. 93-205; 87 Stat. 884; 16 USC 1531-1544)—ESA.

Forest and Rangelands Renewable Resources Planning Act of 1974 (RPA) (16 U.S.C.
Sec. 1601 [1976]).

Historic Sites Act of 1935 (49 Stat. 666, 16 U.S.C. 461 et seq.).

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The Multiple-Use Sustained Yield Act of 1960 (MUSYA) (16 U.S.C. [United States
Code] Sec. 528-531 [1976]).

National Environmental Policy Act of 1969. (P.L. 91-190; 83 Stat. 852; 42 USC 4321)—
NEPA.

National Forest Management Act of 1976 (NFMA) (16 U.S.C. Sec. 1600 [1976]).

National Historic Preservation Act of 1966. (P.L. 89-665; 80 Stat. 915; 16 USC 470)—
NHPA.

U.S. Congress. “Indian Appropriations Act.” Federal Statute. 16 Stat. 544, 566, 3 March
1871.

———. Federal Statute. 26 Stat., 1095, 3 March 1891.
———. Federal Statute. 30 Stat. 64, 7 June 1897.
———. Federal Statute. 34 Stat. 1256, 4 March 1907.
28 U.S.C. § 1291 1.

28 U.S.C. § 1331 1.

28 U.S.C. § 2412(d) 5.

Wilderness Act of 1964 (16 U.S.C. 1131-1136).

Regulations, Policies, and Federal Register Notices

Clinton, William J. “Executive Order 12898 of February 11, 1994: Federal Actions to
Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income
Populations.” http://www.epa.gov/fedreg/eo/eo12898.htm.

Clinton, William J. “Executive Order: Indian Sacred Sites.”
http://www.nps.gov/history/local-law/eo13007.htm. 24 May 1996.

Grant, U.S. Executive Order. 9 November 1871.
———. Executive Order. 14 December 1872.
———. Executive Order. 5 August 1873.
———. Executive Order. 21 July 1874.

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———. Executive Order. 27 April 1876.

Hayes, R. B. Executive Order. 31 March 1877.

MacCleery, Douglas W. National Forest System Land and Resource Management
Planning.
Federal Register 47(190) (1982): 43026-43052.

Nixon, Richard. Executive Order 11593. 1971. Incorporated into 1976 amendments to
NHPA.

Notice Seeking Public Input on ACHP Formal Comments Regarding the Replacement of
Microwave Communications System in Mount Graham, AZ.
Federal Register
71(5): 1406-1407 (9 January 2006).

PLO [Public Land Order] 924, 18 FR [Federal Register Notice] 6823, 7356 (23 October
1953).

PLO 943, 19 FR 1119 (22 February 1954).

Roosevelt, T. Executive Order. 22 July 1902. Proc. 31, 32 Stat. 2017.

———. Executive Order. 22 December 1902.

———. Executive Order 515. 6 October 1906.

———. Executive Order. 1 July 1908. Proc. 816, 35 Stat. 2194.

———. Executive Order 908. 2 Jul 1908.

Title 36 (“Parks, Forests, and Public Property”), Code of Federal Regulations, Part 800
(“Protection of Historic Properties”)—36
CFR 800.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. “Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Review
of Vertebrate Wildlife for Listing as Endangered or Threatened Species.”
Federal
Register,
vol. 47, no. 251 (30 December 1982), 58454-58460.

———. “Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Review of Vertebrate Wildlife
for Listing as Endangered or Threatened Species.” Federal Register, vol. 50 (18
September 1985): 37948-37967.

———. “Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants: Proposed Determination of
Endangered Status and Critical Habitat of the Mount Graham Red Squirrel.”
Federal Register, vol. 51, no. 98 (21 May 1986): 18630.

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———. “Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Determination of Endangered
Status for the Mount Graham Red Squirrel.” Final Rule,
Federal Register, vol. 52,
no. 106 (3 June 1987): 20,995.

———. “Species Profile.”
http://ecos.fws.gov/speciesProfile/profile/speciesProfile.action?spcode=A09O.

U.S. Forest Service Region 3. Programmatic Agreement on NHPA Compliance. executed
24 December 2003.

U.S. Forest Service, University of Arizona, and Advisory Council on Historic
Preservation. Memorandum of Agreement concerning the replacement microwave
system. executed March 2007.

Selected Unpublished Letters

Asmus, George (District Ranger, Safford Ranger District, U.S.D.A. Forest Service) to
Robert Witzeman (Maricopa Audubon Society). Letter. 1 May 2002.

Babbitt, Charles J. to University of Arizona College of Law staff members. Letter. 16
January 1990.

Brandt, Elizabeth A. to Charles Polzer. Letter. 9 April 1992.

Butler, Carolina to Honorable Chairman and Tribal Council, Zuni Tribe. Letter. 15
September 1993.

Coyne, George V. to Ulrich Stewen. Letter. 10 June 1991.

——— “An Open Letter Particularly Addressed to the Non-Indian Members of the
Apache Survival Coalition.” 30 April 1992.

——— to Kristy L. Lindgren. Letter. 28 June 1992.

——— to Thomas Obermann. Letter. 6 July 1992.

Franciscan Friars of the Santa Barbara Province to Congressman Elton Gallegly. Letter.
24 August 1992.

——— to Bishop Manuel Moreno, letter, 24 Aug 1992.

Goldwater, Senator Barry, Senator Dennis DeConcini, Congressman Morris K. Udall,
Congressman Jim Kolbe, Congressman John McCain, Congressman Eldon Rudd,
and Congressman Bob Stump to Mr. R. Max Peterson (Chief, U.S. Forest Service,
Department of Agriculture). Letter. 4 November 1986.

8

Goodwin, Grenville to Morris Opler. Letter. 29 February 1932.

——— to Morris Opler. Letter. 4 April 1932.

——— to Morris Opler. Letter. 15 October 1933.

Grayson, Donald K. to Conrad A. Istock. Letter. November/December [?] 1989.

Hale, Albert A. (President, The Navajo Nation) to William J. Clinton. Letter. 21 March
1996.

Keen, Nigel to Theodor Rathgeber (Society for Threatened People). Letter. 17 October
1991.

Kitcheyan, Buck to David F. Jolly (National Forester, U.S.D.A., U.S. Forest Service).
Letter. 31 August 1990.

Koffler, Henry to Michael Spear. Letter. 21 July 1986.

Krutz, Gordon V. to Buck Kitcheyan. Letter. 27 Dec 1989.

Lammers, Mark to Manuel Pacheco. Letter. 24 June 1992.

Lindgren, Kristy L. to Pope John Paul II. Letter. 18 May 1992.

——— to Manuel T. Pacheco. Letter. 7 Jul 1992.

——— to Sal Salerno. Letter and “Mount Graham Information Packet.” 12 November
1992.

Lopez, Anthony Guy to President Pacheco. Letter. 16 April 1993.

——— to Malcolm Hamp Merrill. Letter. 16 April 1993.

——— to Jay Strauss. Letter. November 1996.

Maricopa Audubon Society (Phoenix) to Ohio Legislature. “Analysis of the Mt. Graham
Large Binocular Telescope (LBT) Project.”
Letter. December 1997.

——— to Ohio Legislature. Letter. 18 Dec 1997.

Meyer, Ron to Cardinal Castillo Lara. Letter. 4 April 1992.
Moreno, M. D. to Ernest Victor. Letter. September 1992.

9

Mull, Jr, Marvin (Tribal Vice-Chairman, San Carlos Apache Tribe) to President Bill
Clinton. Letter. 21 December 1995.

——— to President Clinton. Letter. 30 May 1996.

Müller, Jutta to San Carlos Apache Tribe. Letter. 21 July 1992.

National Park Service, United States Department of Interior. “Determination of
Eligibility Notification.” 30 April 2002.

Pacheco, Manuel T. to Petra Dongen. Letter. 5 November 1992.

——— to Mariano Slutzky. Letter. 12 November 1991.

——— to Mrs. Madeline Foshay. Letter. 27 May 1992.

Pierce, Paul C. to Coronado National Forest. Letter. 19 January 1987.
Polzer, Charles W. to Governor Fife Symington. Letter. 11 March 1992.
Powell, B. E. to U.S. Forest Service. Letter. 7 October 1997.

Pratt, Jerome J. to Secretary of Agriculture. Letter. 10 November 1986.

Riley, Ramon (Cultural Resources Director, White Mountain Apache Tribe) to Gordon
Gee (President, Ohio State University). Letter. 8 January 1997.

——— to President William J. Clinton. Letter. 13 November 1997.

The San Carlos Apache Tribe to Ms. Jutta Müller. Letter. 24 August 1992.

Shroufe, Duane L. (Director, Arizona Game & Fish Department) to Jim Lyons (Assistant
Secretary, U.S. Department of Agriculture). Letter. 22 October 1993.

Sheridan, Thomas E. to Charles W. Polzer. Letter. 19 May 1992.
——— to Peter Warshall & Associates. Letter. 26 June 1992.
Silver, Robin D. to Donald Pitt. Letter. 17 January 1992.
——— to Leroy Brockbank. Letter. 9 June 1992.

Stanley, Raymond (Tribal Chairman, San Carlos Apache Tribe) to William J. Clinton.
Letter. 3 December 1997.

Stewen, Ulrich to Father George Coyne. Letter. 6 June 1991.

10

Thompson, Rodger I. to Robert Tippeconnic. Letter. 15 June 1982.

U.S. Forest Service. “Data Table for MGRS” [chronology of correspondence, activities
pertaining to Mt. Graham for astrophysical use: 6/14/82-12/17/93 and 9/13/88-
11/4/93], photocopy, in
Wildlife: Mount Graham Red Squirrel, U.S. Forest
Service Headquarters History Collection (Mt. Graham/Coronado), Forest History
Society, Durham, NC. Between 1982 and 1994, the Forest Service sent and
received at least 900 letters regarding Mount Graham.

U.S. General Accounting Office to Chairman Gerry Studds. Letter. 9 Nov 1990.
Victor, Jr., Ernest to Sister D. H. Van Amersfoort. Letter. 28 July 1992.
Warner, Keith to Friends of Mt. Graham. Letter. 4 September 1992.

Williams, J.T. to Robert Tippeconnic. Letter. 14 June 1982.

Resolutions

San Carlos Apache Tribe. “Resolution No. 90-18.” San Carlos Indian Reservation, San
Carlos, Arizona, 6 Feb 1990.

———. “Resolution No. 90-68.” San Carlos Indian Reservation, San Carlos, Arizona, 10
Jul 1990.

Native American/Environmentalist Roundtable, Washington, D.C. “Resolution in
Support of the San Carlos Apache Affected by a planned construction of a
telescope complex on Mt. Graham, Arizona.” 8 Nov 1991.

San Carlos Apache Tribe. Resolution. 10 December 1991.

White Mountain Apache Tribe. Resolution. 15 July 1999.

National Congress of American Indians. Annual Session Resolution #SPO-01-063. 25-30
Nov 2001 (Spokane, WA).

www.ncai.org/data/docs/resolution/2001annual/063.pdf.
———. Resolution No. 12-2003-296. 17 December 2003.

11

Books, Book Chapters, Journal Articles, and Other Materials

Ainsworth, Fred C. and Joseph W. Kirkley. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of
the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies,
Series III, vol. III.
Washington: Government Printing Office, 1899.

———. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union
and Confederate Armies,
Series I, vol. IV. Washington: Government Printing
Office, 1902.

Allen, Larry S. Richard L. Wadleigh, Peter Warshall, and R. Barry Spicer. “Biological
Assessment for Mt. Graham Red Squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus
grahamensis).”
June 1987.

Allen, Larry S. “Livestock and the Coronado National Forest.” Rangelands 11(1)
(February 1989).

Allen, J. A. “Descriptions of Five New North American Mammals.” Bulletin of the
American Museum of Natural History
6 (1894): 347-350.

———. “Descriptions of Ten New North American Mammals, and Remarks on Others.”
Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 6 (7 November 1894).

———. “On the Collection of Mammals from Arizona and Mexico, Made by Mr. W. W.
Price, with Field Notes from the Collector.”
Bulletin of the American Museum of
Natural History,
vol. 7. New York: American Museum of Natural History, 1895.

———. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, vol. 10. New York:
American Museum of Natural History, 22 July 1898.

American Association for the Advancement of Science. Science: A Weekly Newspaper of
all the Arts and Sciences,
vol. XV, No. 382. In Science: An Illustrated Journal,
vol. XV. New York: N. D. C. Hodges, 1890.

American Forestry Association. “United States Forest Service: The Month in
Government Forest Work, Arizona’s Mountain Forests.”
Forestry and Irrigation
14(8) (August 1908).

Ames, Charles R. “A History of the Forest Service.” The Smoke Signal 16. Tucson: The
Tucson Corral of the Westerners, Fall 1967.

Anaya, S. James, and Robert A. Williams, Jr. “The Protection of Indigenous Peoples’
Rights over Lands and Natural Resources Under the Inter-American Human
Rights System.”
Harvard Human Rights Journal 14(33) (2001).

12

Anderson, R.S., and D.S. Shafer. “Holocene Biogeography of Spruce-fir Forests in
Southeastern Arizona—Implications for the Mt. Graham Red Squirrel.”
Madrono
38 (1991): 287-295.

Anderson, Walt. “Review [untitled]” (Reviewed work: Storm over a Mountain Island:
Conservation Biology and the Mt. Graham Affair,
edited by Conrad A. Istock and
Robert S. Hoffman).
The Journal of Wildlife Management 61(2) (April 1997):
577-579.

Angel, Roger, Peter Strittmatter, Bruce Walsh, and Nick Woolf. “The Saga of Mt.
Graham.”
Astronomy 23(7) (1995): 16.

Annerino, John. Apache: The Sacred Path To Womanhood. New York: Marlowe &
Company, 1998.

Annual Report of the Secretary of War for the Year 1895, vol. 1. Washington:
Government Printing Office, 1895.

Anthony, Harold E. “Scientist Describes Visit to Unknown Island in the Sky.” The
Science News-Letter
32(862) (16 October 1937).

Apaches for Cultural Preservation. Mt. Graham Sacred Run. Video. Tempe, AZ: Strictly
Native Entertainment, 2002.

Apache Survival Coalition. “Chronology of UofA Suppression and Denial of Mt. Graham
Sacredness.” Flyer. December 1991.

———. “Recent Attacks by European Astronomers Upon the Apache People and Their
Traditional Religious Beliefs.” December 1991.

———. “Two Jesuit Priests in Arizona Have Joined a Lawsuit Which Contests the
Religious Beliefs of the Apache Indians.” News Advisory. 17 April 1992: 1-3.

———. “Vatican Spokesman Calls for Suppression of Native Americans.” News
Release. 12 October 1992.

Apache Survival Coalition, Apaches for Cultural Preservation, Mt. Graham Coalition.
“Chronology of the U. of Arizona, Vatican, German, Italian War on Apache
Religious Beliefs.” Flyer. April 1996.

———. “Record of Apache opposition to the desecration of Mt. Graham by the
University of Arizona and their astronomer-collaborators.”
Self-published
compendium. 2002: 1-75.

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Arizona Game and Fish Department. “Eumorsea pinaleno.” Unpublished abstract
compiled and edited by the Heritage Data Management System, AGFD, Phoenix
(February 2001).

———. “Oreohelix grahamensis.” Unpublished abstract compiled and edited by the
Heritage Data Management System, AGFD, Phoenix (3 December 2003).

———. “Sonorella grahamensis.” Unpublished abstract compiled and edited by the
Heritage Data Management System, AGFD, Phoenix (4 December 2003).

———. “Sonorella imitator.” Unpublished abstract compiled and edited by the Heritage
Data Management System, AGFD, Phoenix (4 December 2003): 1-4.

Arizona Highways. vol. 43, no. 6 (June 1967).

Armstrong, S. C. Report of a Trip Made in Behalf of the Indian Rights Association to
Some Indian Reservations of the South West.
Philadelphia: Office of the Indian
Rights Association, 1884.

Asmus, George. Safford Ranger District, Coronado National Forest, U.S.D.A. Forest
Service. “Inmates Help Forest Service Reduce Fire Risk on Mt. Graham.” News
Release. 3 November 2003.

Audubon, John W. Audubon’s Western Journal: 1849-1850, Being the MS. record of a
trip from New York to Texas, and an overland journey through Mexico and
Arizona to the gold-fields of California.
Frank Heywood Hodder, ed. Cleveland:
The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1906.

Babb, Randy. “Mt. Graham Red Squirrel: Going, Going ....” Wildlife Views Arizona
Game and Fish Department (January 1990): 1-3.

Bailey, V. “Revision of the American Voles of the Genus Microtus.” North American
Fauna
17 (6 June 1900): 1-88.

Bandelier, Adolph F. The Southwestern Journals of Adolph F. Bandelier, 1880-1882.
Albuquerque: The University of New Mexico Press, 1966.

———. The Southwestern Journals of Adolph F. Bandelier, 1883-1884. Albuquerque:
The University of New Mexico Press, 1970.

Ball, Eve. Indeh: An Apache Odyssey (1980). Norman: University of Oklahoma Press,
1988.

Ball, George E. “The Taxonomy of the Subgenus Scaphinotus Dejean with Particular
Reference to the Subspecies of Scaphinotus petersi Roeschke (Coleoptera:

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Carabidae: Cychrini).” Transactions of the American Entomological Society
(1890-)
92(4) (December 1966): 712-714.

Ball, Martin. “Sacred Mountains, Religious Paradigms, and Identity among the
Mescalero Apache.”
Worldviews 4 (2000): 264-282.

Baradoro, Giancarlo and Rosalba Nattero. Natural Peoples and Ecospirituality: From the
Native
Americans’ Mount Graham Case to the Historical Reality of the Native
Europeans, A Peace Proposal for All Humanity. 3rd ed. Torino, Italy: Triskel,
2004.

Barnes, Will C. Arizona Place Names. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1935.

Bartlett, John Russell. Personal Narrative of Explorations and Incidents in Texas,
California, Sonora, and Chihuahua, Connected with The United States and
Mexican Boundary Commission, During the Years 1850, ’51, ’53, and ’54. New
York: D. Appleton & Company, 1854.

Bartlett, Richard A. Great Surveys of the American West. Norman: University of
Oklahoma Press, 1962.

Basso, Keith H. “The Gift of Changing Woman,” Anthropological Papers, no. 76,
Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 196. Washington,
D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1966: 113-173.

———. “Western Apache Witchcraft,” Anthropological Papers of the University of
Arizona 15.
Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1969.

———. “‘To Give Up on Words’: Silence in Western Apache Culture.” In Keith H.
Basso and Morris E. Opler, eds., Apachean Culture History and Ethnology,
Anthropological Papers of the University of Arizona, no. 21. Tucson: The
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15

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Newspapers, Newsletters, and Popular Materials

Action for Cultural Survival

AICH [American Indian Community House] Community Bulletin
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Arkansas Catholic (Little Rock)

59

Arizona Daily Star (Tucson)

Arizona Daily Wildcat (University of Arizona)

Arizona Range News (Wilcox, AZ)

The Arizona Republic (Phoenix)

Astronomy

The Boston Globe

Canton Repository
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Canyon Echo (Grand Canyon Chapter of Sierra Club)

The Catholic Herald: The Newspaper for the Diocese of Colorado Springs
Catholic New Times
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The Catholic Sun (Phoenix)

Catholic Telegraph (Cincinnati)

The Cavalier Daily (University of Virginia)

Charlottesville Progress (Virginia)

Chicago Sun-Times

The Chronicle of Higher Education

The Circle
(Minneapolis)

City Magazine (Tucson)

Chicago Tribune

The Columbus Dispatch
(Columbus, OH)

Counterpunch, www.counterpunch.org

C-Ville Weekly (Charlottesville, VA)

Daily Telegraph (London)

The Denver Post

Detroit Free Press

Earth First! Journal

Eastern Arizona Courier
(Safford, AZ)

Le Figaro (Paris)

The Florida Catholic (Orlando)

Frankfurter Rundschau (Frankfurt am Main)

The Globe and Mail (Toronto)

Green Valley News and Sun (Green Valley, AZ)

The Harvard Crimson (Cambridge, MA)

Het Volk (Gent, Belgium)

High Country News (Paonia, CO)

Honor [Honor Our Neighbors Origins and Rights] Digest (Wisconsin)
The Independent (Gallup, NM)

Indian Country Today

The Inside Passage: Diocese of Juneau

Inside UVA Online
(University of Virginia)

Journal of the University of Notre Dame College of Science

The Lantern
(Ohio State University)

Las Vegas Review-Journal

Lasers and Optronics

London Times

Los Angeles Times

60

Lo Que Pasa (University of Arizona)
Mainzer Rhein Zeitung (Mainz)
Milwaukee Journal

The Minnesota Daily
(Minneapolis)
Mother Jones

National Catholic Reporter (Kansas City, MO)
National Geographic

The Native American Press/Ojibwe News
Natural History

Nature

The Navajo-Hopi Observer

News from Indian Country

New York Newsday

The New York Times

New York Times Magazine

The News Record
(University of Cincinnati)
Northern Sun News (Minneapolis)

NOW Magazine (Toronto)

On Indian Land (Seattle, WA)

The Phoenix Gazette

Physics Today

Pioneer Press
(St. Paul, MN)

The Pitt News (University of Pittsburgh)
Pittsburgh-Post Gazette

The Plain Dealer
(Cleveland, OH)

The Prescott Courier (Prescott, AZ)

Progress (Scottsdale, AZ)

Pulse of the Twin Cities (Minneapolis)

R&D Magazine

San Carlos Apache Moccasin (Keban)
(Globe, AZ)
San Francisco Bay Guardian

Science

Science News

Scientific American

The Scientist

Seattle Post-Intelligencer

The Seattle Times

Sky & Telescope

Star Tribune
(Minneapolis)

The State News (Michigan State University)

Stern (Hamburg, Germany)

St. Petersburg Times (Florida)

Superior Catholic Herald (Superior, WI)

Telegram & Gazette (Worchester, MA)

Tempe, Mesa, Chandler Tribunes

Tip Magazine
(Berlin, Germany)

61

Tucson Citizen

Tucson Weekly

UA News
(University of Arizona)
University Times (University of Pittsburgh)
USA Today

The Varsity
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The Wall Street Journal

The Washington Post

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———. “U. of Arizona Gets Go-Ahead to Build Its Telescope on Mt. Graham as
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———. “Construction of Observatory on Mount Graham Would Violate Sacred Site,
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